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About commission

About the Commission
In accordance with the task determined in the Saeima Declaration of 5 May 2005 “On Condemnation of the USSR Totalitarian Communist Occupation Regime Implemented in Latvia”, by Order No. 523 of 5 August 2005 (minutes No. 44 § 34) the Cabinet of Ministers established the commission “for the Determination of the Number of Victims of the USSR Totalitarian Communist Occupation Regime and Places of Mass Graves, Aggregation of Information on Repressions and Mass Deportations, and Calculation of Losses Caused to the Latvian State and Its Inhabitants” (hereinafter — “Commission”). This Commission operated until 1 August 2009 when its operation was suspended due to the crisis.

In accordance with the tasks determined for the Cabinet of Ministers in the Saeima Declaration of 5 May 2005 “On Condemnation of the USSR Totalitarian Communist Occupation Regime Implemented in Latvia”, the Commission has the following principal tasks:
  • to determine the number of victims of the USSR totalitarian communist occupation regime;
  • to determine the places of mass graves;
  • to summarise information on repressions and mass deportations;
  • to calculate losses caused by the regime to the Latvian State;
  • to calculate losses caused by the regime to the inhabitants of Latvia.

Until now, over 50 studies in the field of economics, environmental protection, demographics and history were developed by the order of the Commission. 56 expert-examination were also carried out for these studies. With the Commission’s support, development work was finished and the book “Aizvestie” (“Taken Away”) in 3 thick volumes was published; moreover, 2 conferences and several seminars were organised. Currently, a database of persons politically repressed during the USSR occupation regime is being developed and three books are being prepared for publication.
In the Informative Report of the Commission of 30 July 2009, it is established that the losses caused to the Latvian State by the USSR occupation regime amount to over 200 billion lats (~300 billion euros). It means that these losses have a great impact on the development of Latvia after the restoration of independence in all areas up to this day.

The work of the Commission is necessary for the following:
  • To ensure the objective scientific study of history;
  • For the society to declare the fact of losses caused during occupation, thus fulfilling the objective duty of the occupied country from the point of view of international law;
  • To be able to highlight the fact of occupation in a well-argued manner in relations with the Russian Federation, stating that we are a country proclaimed in 1918, rather than Latvian SSR, and that we, according to the principles of international law, do not refuse from any claims against Russia as the successor of rights and obligations of the USSR;
  • For Latvia to be able to prepare for possible international proceedings with an aim to claim legally and economically justified compensations from the Russian Federation;
  • For information obtained as the result of calculations to ensure complete understanding of the impact caused by the USSR occupation for current and future generations.